Guide to Oral Health During Pregnancy

Author: Dr Behnam Aminnejad. Posted: 02.04.24

Pregnancy is a miraculous journey filled with joy, anticipation, and a whirlwind of changes – both physical and emotional. Amidst all the excitement, it's easy to overlook one crucial aspect of health: oral hygiene. Surprisingly, pregnancy can significantly impact oral health, making it essential for expecting mothers to pay extra attention to their dental care routine. In this article, we look into the importance of oral health during pregnancy and offer practical tips to maintain a radiant smile throughout this transformative time.

Understanding the Link Between Pregnancy and Oral Health:

The connection between pregnancy and oral health may not be immediately apparent, but it's a topic that deserves attention. Hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy can lead to various oral health issues, including:


Increased levels of progesterone can exaggerate the body's response to plaque, leading to inflamed and bleeding gums – a condition known as gingivitis.

Tooth Decay

Changes in diet and oral hygiene habits, coupled with increased acidity in the mouth, can make pregnant women more susceptible to tooth decay and cavities.

Periodontal Disease

Severe gum disease, or periodontal disease, has been linked to adverse pregnancy outcomes, including premature birth and low birth weight.

Tips for Maintaining Oral Health During Pregnancy:

Fortunately, maintaining good oral health during pregnancy is entirely achievable with the right approach. Here are some essential tips for mums-to-be:

  1. Prioritise Regular Dental Check-ups: Schedule a dental check-up early in your pregnancy. Inform your dentist about your pregnancy, as some treatments may be postponed until after childbirth.
  2. Maintain a Consistent Oral Hygiene Routine: Brush your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste and floss daily. Pay extra attention to your gumline, as this is where pregnancy-related gingivitis often occurs.
  3. Watch Your Diet: Opt for nutritious foods that promote oral health, such as fruits, vegetables, dairy products, and lean proteins. Limit your intake of sugary snacks and beverages, as they can contribute to tooth decay.
  4. Stay Hydrated: Drinking plenty of water helps rinse away food particles and bacteria, reducing the risk of cavities and gum disease.
  5. Manage Morning Sickness: If morning sickness leads to vomiting, rinse your mouth with water or a fluoride mouthwash afterward to neutralise stomach acids and protect your tooth enamel.
  6. Don't Skip Dental Care Due to Pregnancy: Despite common misconceptions, routine dental cleanings and necessary treatments are safe during pregnancy, especially when coordinated with your obstetrician.
  7. Consider Your Baby's Dental Health: Your oral health directly impacts your baby's well-being, so taking care of your teeth and gums is essential for both of you.


Pregnancy is a time of profound change and growth, both for you and your baby. Amidst the excitement and anticipation, don't forget to prioritise your oral health. By maintaining a consistent dental care routine, staying mindful of your diet, and seeking professional dental care when needed, you can safeguard your smile and promote overall well-being throughout your pregnancy journey. Remember, a healthy mom means a healthy baby – and a radiant smile to cherish for years to come.

Read more of Dr Behnam Aminnejad's dental care articles and tips: Back to Blog

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